Monday, May 25, 2020
Comparison of Humanistic and Biological Theories The articles chosen tend to be more informative in illustrating the humanistic theories and the biological theories. The articles are more scholarly and add knowledge in comprehending and being able to apply the different ideologies concerning the comparison of the theories and application in the real life situation. The basic concepts of biological theories and the humanistic theories show great differences. To begin with, it important to highlight the basic concepts that illustrates the social psychology. The humanistic theories describe the adherence on the present rather than to the past or to the future (Maslow, 1967). Healthy people need to take the health regardless of the actions taken. Every person; explain the possession of the inherence. Regardless of the presence of the negative actions that may affect a person. In addition, the fourth aspect indicates the achievement of personal growth and comprehending the goal in life. On the hand, the biological view has the different focus in that the feeling other that the personal worth. The living theorists point at the generic makeup, which depicts the individual way of determining the intelligence. The indirect relation of their biological concept shows the way it affects growth. The living theorist point at the intelligences and the genes and determine the character of humans (Zentall Galef, 1988). Regardless of this view, the humanistic theories are oversimplified in the way of its argument while the biological theory is overcomplicated. Although they represent the essence of being on the illustration of the person, personality there is the emphasis on the essence of the theories. The premise of the biological theory indicates that people inherit the features from their family members. Furthermore, the theory indicates that individuals have no power of influencing their characteristic characteristics since they are genetically modified and predetermined. This differs with the humanistic theory in which it indicates that an individual have the power to influence their features. This can be through learning behaviors and influences from the environment. Findings The findings according to the different theorists indicate that humanistic and biological theories are different. The humanistic theory as stated by Abraham Maslow in the example of the hierarchy of needs. According to Maslow, (1967) Ã¢â¬Å"A THEORY OF METAMOTIVATION: THE BIOLOGICAL ROOTING OF THE VALUE-LIFEÃ¢â¬ , the highest rank based on his pyramid is self-actualization as individuals fulfill their needs fully. According to biological theorists, Hans introduced the three dimension of their explanation of the individuals character. They include the extroversion-introversion, psychotics and neurotics. His argument is based ion the classification that either shows the outgoing and the impulsive example of the personality traits. In my opinion, a different view tends to show the character of people. The theory of Maslow is valid since in the current world people strive to meet basic needs and climb the ladders as they seek to self-actualize. It helps in the management and motivation regarding personal development. The psychological; needs are food, sex, clothing, shelter, health, water and sleep. The biological perspective is in detail as it is a fact that our brains develop and consist of neutrons. The physical characteristics show the disposition of the characteristics. I would choose the humanistic theories because I can easily relate and understand especially when using Maslows theory. Conclusion In conclusion, the theoretical perspective tends to explain the human character. The theory relates in their explanation of character. It is important to view the behavioral characteristics that are learned depending on the environment. The analysis of the humanistic and biological theories helps in understating the human character and the traits they represent. References Maslow, (1967) A THEORY OF METAMOTIVATION: THE BIOLOGICAL ROOTING OF THE VALUE-LIFE., A. H. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, Vol 7(2), 1967, 93-127. Doi: T. R. Zentall, B. G. Galef, (1988) Social Learning: Psychological and Biological Perspectives
Friday, May 15, 2020
MarzanoÃ¢â¬â¢s Effective Teaching and Learning Strategies Effective schools make a big difference in student achievement. Effective leadership makes a positive difference, too. Effective teachers, however, directly impact student learning and achievement. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s been shown that teachers who have a large repertoire of effective instructional strategies teach differently (Tyson).TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re more intentional in their objectives, strategies, and intended outcomes. And, have better results. Robert Marzano, an educational leader, conducted a meta-analysis of instructional strategies to determine which were the most effective. While MarzanoÃ¢â¬â¢s nine strategies provide useful suggestions for instruction, they are even more powerful when accompanied by other essential ingredients for student learning. Towards that end, all technology can be used to address MarzanoÃ¢â¬â¢s work. Each strategy can be addressed using a Ã¢â¬Å"tech tool,Ã¢â¬ which can make a difference in the learning experience of students. Technology has so many uses, therefore, much of their usefulness overlaps in categories. Note taking, and the subsequent skill of summarizing, easily takes many forms in the classroom. There is the traditional paper-pencil format. However, this is easily transferred to various online formats that make distributing notes to all students as simple as the click of a button. What occurs if a student was absent? It is simply a matter of digitally uploading notes to a communal location for students to easilyShow MoreRelatedI Am Learning Strategies And Tools For Effective And Fun Teaching Practices1330 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmyself struggling when teaching social studies. My social studies education was not very excited and I hope to be able to change that trend and make social studies exciting and engaging for my students. It will be difficult for me to overcome my personal experience to make it pertinent. Additionally, although the subject comes to me easily, it has never been all that interesting of a subject for me. Fortunately I am learning strategies and tools for effectiv e and fun teaching practices. My educationRead MoreJean PiagetÃ¢â¬Å¡ÃâÃ ´s theory of child development along with effective learning methods and teaching strategies used in secondary school classrooms with particular attention paid to science5758 Words Ã |Ã 24 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Section A- Literature Review Jean PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of child development along with effective learning methods and teaching strategies used in secondary school classrooms with particular attention paid to science A childÃ¢â¬â¢s developing mind1,2,3 Without a doubt, Jean Piaget (1896-1980) was one of the most influential child psychologists. In his day he was at the forefront of research into child psychology and even today, his word is cited by many in the profession. The constructivist theory (seeRead MoreEffective Teaching Of The Social Studies1440 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesconstitutes effective teaching of the social studies in the elementary school? As a pre-service teacher, I have learned that to become an effective teacher of the social sciences it is imperative that teaching professionals need to be familiar with the Minnesota K-12 academic standards in social studies, have knowledge about the subject matter being taught, utilize a variety of teaching strategies in the classroom, have theoretical knowledge about learning and human behaviors, foster learning in theRead MoreTeaching And Learning Styles And Teaching Essay1610 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdescribe different practices of teaching and learning. Teaching Australia (2008 ) defined pedagogy as Ã¢â¬Ëthe art and science of educating children, the strategies for using teacher professional knowledge, skills and abilities in order to foster good learning outcomesÃ¢â¬â¢ (p.3). Teaching and learning is a two-way process. Teachers choose the effective instruction modes to disseminate knowledge. Students adapt to different learning styles and use different learning strategies to help them process the informationRead MoreEssay Theoretical Stance on Learning and Teaching Mathematics1495 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTheoretical Stance for the Teaching of Mathematics Ã¢â¬â As a pre-service teacher, my philosophy of teaching Mathematics is based on a constructivist, student-centred approach. I have learned, through my practicum experiences, as well as Mathematics Education courses, which advocate this approach, that it is the most effective way to teach Mathematics. This essay will explicitly describe my philosophy, as well as explain and justify the specific teaching and learning strategies related to this philosophyRead MoreUnderstanding And Understanding Of Physical, Social And Intellectual Development And Characteristics Of Student Essay1541 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesindividual is unique, getting to understand the studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ characteristics, knowledge and cultural background are essential requirements for encouraging their development and learning (Arthur, Beecher, Death, Dockett Farmer, 2012). In order to achieve the above requirements, a strong and positive relationship with students is the effective way for teachers to build up a holistic pict ure of a student (Groundwater-Smith, Ewing Le Cornu, 2015a; Nixon Gould, 2005). The various recorded interactions andRead MoreAs Teachers To Be Effective In The Classroom, It Is Important1604 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAs teachers to be effective in the classroom, it is important that a range of strategies are used to ensure they learn effectively. This essays purpose is to relate this to the understanding of the main learning theories. This will also provide the opportunity to begin applying these theories in the classroom setting ,by using an essay, that works to analyse teaching practices. All the while being critical about oneÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs on learning as well as teaching. As well as considering the influence ofRead MoreImportance Of Graduate Standard 2946 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand teaching strategies of the teaching area Aside from knowing the children and how they learn, knowing the content and how to teach it is a huge part of teaching. Content knowledge is something which I am very familiar with Ã¢â¬â much of the required content is covered in subject study and some educational readings, and other while on practice itself. Over the course of my degree I have come to learn the content and applying it in the curriculum for children across age through different teaching strategiesRead MoreTeaching Methods Of Teaching And Learning Essay1584 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdescribe different practices of teaching and learning. Teaching Australia (2008) defined pedagogy as Ã¢â¬Ëthe art and science of educating children, the strategies for using teacher professional knowledge, skills and abilities in order to foster good learning outcomesÃ¢â¬â¢ (p.3). Teaching and learning is a two-way process. Teachers choose the effective instruction modes to disseminate knowledge. Students adapt to different learning sty les and use different learning strategies to help them process the informationRead MoreExploring The Dynamics Of Educational Psychology1382 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPsychology Importance of continued education. I think it should be a priority for educators to be up to date on research being conducted in the field of Educational Psychology because it promotes effective teaching and learning. If they stay updated, they will continue to learn new teaching methods and learning styles that will help their students to succeed. I think if educators are only sticking to the past research that they learned in educational psychology rather than current research, they may
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Effects of Domestic Violence on Child Behavior The United States Department of Health and Human Services found parents and other caretakers mistreat 900,000 children in the case of child abuse (as cited in Moylan et al., 2010). Children can be abused directly or indirectly. Indirect abuse can be exposure to violence enacted by the mother or father towards each other (Baldry, 2007). As for direct abuse, this can include physical, sexual or psychological abuse done personally to the child. Research conducted by Jaffe, Sudermann, Reitzel, and McDonald Jouriles, shows that children growing up in a family that displays violence are at increased risk behavior problems (as cited in Jouriles, Norwood, McDonald, Vincent, Mahoney,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Sternberg et al., (1993) found Ã¢â¬Å"that there is some evidence that children who are victims and/or witnesses of domestic violence have more social and emotional problems than their non abusedÃ¢â¬ . Some children can be shy and stay way from adults and other children. They can be physically abused and feel that because their parents hurt them other adults can hurt them also. Other children exposed to abuse might take out the abuse on other children. They start bullying children in the neighborhood or children in their classroom. Some children might feel that because they see violence at home that it is all right for them to so violence in other setting. Bulling is a big issue in schools. It does not mean that bullies come from domestic homes, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s might be one of the reasons. Another way a child might act out due to abuse is getting in trouble with the law. They might start hanging out with the wrong group of people and doing things that is frowned upon by authorities. They do not care about what happens to them and do what their friends think is all right. They release their behavior with violence. They become short tempered and argue or fight with anyone who gets in their way . Ã¢â¬Å"There is also increasingShow MoreRelatedDomestic Violence And Its Effects On Children1445 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhat is domestic Violence? Domestic Violence is described as violent or aggressive behavior within the home, typically involving the violent abuse of a spouse or partner. Many children end up being the victims to seeing domestic violence in the home which is very unhealthy to their development. Some children may development resentment toward both parents- one for not leaving and the other for causing the abuse. Depression, aggressive behavior, emotional distress and suicide depending on the severityRead MoreEffects of Domestic Violence on Children1124 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe biggest victims of domestic violence are the littlest. The home is a suppose to be a safe and secure environment for children with loving parents and free from violence. Children need a secure environment where they can come home to when the outside world is unsafe. However, every yea r there are millions of children whoÃ¢â¬â¢s homes are not a safe haven. Millions of children are exposed to a parent being violently assaulted. Domestic violence is a prevalent social issue in America today. First, whoRead MoreEffects Of Domestic Violence On Children990 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswhen a child is exposed to domestic violence at an early age, that child adapts to these adverse circumstance and situations (Holmes, 2013). Therefore, children who are regularly exposed to domestic violence may initially display less aggressive behaviors than children who are never exposed. However, this is due to their fear of being a victim of a physical assault (Holmes, 2013). This finding was interesting because it shows how deeply the children are affected by exposure to domestic violence. TheRead MoreEssay on The Gravity of Domestic Violence in America1423 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages the gravity of domestic violence in America has been disregarded and glossed over; perhaps it is because 60 p ercent of all domestic violence takes place at home. Domestic violence is defined as, the situation in which an intimate partner or someone you live with attacks you and tries to hurt you, often including physical assault, sexual assault, and bullying. Ã¢â¬Å"Every year, more than 3 million children witness domestic violence in their homes.Ã¢â¬ (safehorizon.org) Domestic violence at home is alteringRead MoreThe Effects Of Domestic Violence On Children Essay1383 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLieberman (2007) the goal was to determine if domestic violence leads to functioning shortfalls, and what its effects it has on a childÃ¢â¬â¢s behavioral and cognitive functioning. In homes where domestic violence happens, young children are more likely to witness violence than older children. It was hypothesized that children who witnessed violence at home had lower verbal capabilities, and would display greater internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Participants in this study included 62 preschoolersRead MoreDomestic Violence And Sexual Violence1411 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe term domestic violence is defined as the deliberate frightening, sexual and physical assault, or a behavior that is abusive or intolerable to others as a part of the regular sequence of power and the domination executed by one confidant companion to the other. The patterns of domestic violence usually comprise of the sexual violence, abusing the partner emotionally, psychological assault, and the physical violence. It is dramatic that how the severity and the frequency of the occurrences of theRead MoreChild Exposure to Domestic Violence1163 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesChild Exposure to Domestic Violence Introduction: Domestic Violence is any willful intimidations, sexual assault, physical assaults, or any other forms of physical or verbal violent behavior by one intimate partner towards another. Domestic Violence can create both psychological and emotional effects on both the intended victim and anyone that witnesses it to include children. Some children that witness domestic violence are experiencing serious effects that they have to deal with all theirRead MoreChildren And Effects Of Domestic Violence1612 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCHILDREN AND THE EFFECTS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE Children and the Effects of Domestic Violence in the Home Domestic violence is any behavior of physical, sexual, emotional, or physiological acts or threats that intimidate a person or partner by trying to control or maintain power. Unfortunately, many children experience these harmful acts in the home between family members, all of different ages, ethnicities, and statuses. When thinking about a safe and healthy childhood and environment, what comesRead MoreThe Negative Results of Childhood Exposure to Domestic Violence 979 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The phrase Ã¢â¬Å"domestic violenceÃ¢â¬ typically refers to violence between adult partners. Sadly, it has been estimated that every year between 3.3 and ten million children are exposed to domestic violence in the confines of their own home (Moylan, Herrenkohl, Sousa et al. 2009). According to research conducted by John W. Fantuzzo and Wanda K. Mohr (1999): Ã¢â¬Å"Exposure to domestic violence can include watching or hearing the violent events, direct involvement (for example, trying to in tervene or callingRead MoreDomestic Violence And Sexual Abuse896 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesa direct relation to a child who witnesses abuse in his/her home at a young age? Introduction: What is domestic violence? Ã¢â¬Å"Domestic Violence is a pattern of behaviors used to establish power and control over another person through fear and intimidation, often inclosing the threat or use of violenceÃ¢â¬ (Safe Horizon, 2015). Domestic violence includes physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and exploitation; therefore, this is in relation to Ã¢â¬Å"intimate partner violence, battering, relationship
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about theHealth and Social Care Chaplaincy for Mental Health Teams. Answer: Introduction: In the developing as well as developed countries, occupational health problem issues are the most neglected issues in the industries. In epidemiology, risk factors identification and current advancement in the technology, has contributed to the reduction of current health problems globally. However, increased job demands have increased the job related stress and health issues in the workplace. The environment of the workplace is an important contributor to the workers well-being and mental ill health problem. In the pharmaceutical industry of UK, there is great number of the sales employees as compared to the general staff that is about 5 to 20 % of total workforce (Lockwood, Marinoni Ando, 2012). The prime responsibility of the sales staff is effective promotion and marketing of the existing and new products. For such employees, the occupational health services provision represent a challenge as sales staff spend most of their working hours in isolation or driving (Lockwood, Marino ni Ando, 2012). Now the industries are identifying the importance of healthy, fit and fulfilled employees in this field and the occupational health care providers play important role in minimization of the ill-health and injuries to this work force. Due to the development of the information technology and increase in working trends, there is development of remote working that is employees job outside the organization premises (Lockwood, Marinoni Ando, 2012). The recognition of the occupational health problem related to the peripatetic staff is essential because this will support the development of the strategies and policies to address the health problems by health professionals. This essay will highlight the main occupational health problem associated with the remote working staff of the pharmaceutical industry from the business nucleus. This paper will also address the ways by which a significant and comprehensive health service can be provided to these employees. Occupational risk Risks that are associated with the sales force when there is an assessment of the occupational health problems are divided into five categories that are driving for the business of the company, stress, workplace violence, use of mobile phone and ergonomic issues. Among them, in the report will discuss the issue of the accidents caused due to driving during business hours of the (Smith, 2011). There are convincing evidence that the car drivers of the companies are at greater accidents risk than the general population. One of the researches revealed that drivers of the company were more likely to be involved in the accidents. In UK, the Union Congress trade estimated that out of 1200 about 300 drivers were killed on the roads of Britain annually during driving for the companys business and this estimation was much higher than the employee's number that were met with accidents in the employers premises. The reasons for this increase in the accidents rate are various (Hannah McNidder, 2 013). Researchers indicated that this was because of solid demands on time that finally affect the decision making process regarding the speed and overtaking of driving. The other researchers stated that increased liability for the companys car drivers extended over non-working drivers because of the driving style not due to the time pressure. The researcher concluded that this type of accidents dependents on the vehicle type and purpose of its use. The behaviour pattern that is categorized by the competitiveness, excessive impatience, hostility and pressure related to time is the reason for the accidents higher risk (Hannah McNidder, 2013). It was noticed that the time pressure is most significant risk factors for the near accidents when the other factor such as gender, age, urban driving and annual mileage were under control. The busy sales forces implication that is working in the competitive field having large geographical cover should be esteemed and there should be recognitio n of the benefits of providing education and the training of these employees for the improvement of the driving and the stress management (Hannah McNidder, 2013). Sleeping during driving was account for the considerable accidents proportion under repetitive driving conditions. It had been observed that the drivers sleepiness is due to the journey duration and for the protection of the professional legislation, there should be duration limit for the driving. The consumption of the alcohol and nocturnal snoring on the driver fatigue increases the potential for the accident by 30% (Smith, 2011). This factor reinforces the education need about the requirement of the journey plan, driving dangers while sleepy, at nights or a shift following and about the benefits of the regular breaks. In addition to above, the drivers regularly drive their vehicles even in adverse weathers that can also increase the risk of the accidents (Smith, 2011). In May 2000, transport department of the UK, healt h and safety executives and the local government established the inter-agency Work related Road safety task group (Smith, 2011). This group was established to found the main reasons, methods, and policies for the prevention of these incidences and planning of the minimum health and safety management standards. Their finding is as follows: Men are most often involved in the road accidents and most of them are severe accidents. The age group 16to20 and 21to 24, the fatality rates in the male population were more as compared to the fatality rates in female. The accidents nature is different in men and women case as men are more possible to met accidents that were related to the violation of the traffic rules. In the cases of men, they were more likely, about three times more reported cases of driving after drinking and less use of the seatbelts (Smith, 2011). Men also counted for the majority of the aggressive drivers. In the cases of women, they were mostly involved in the accidents that occurred due to judgmental errors that resulted in lesser driving confidence. The older drivers were at lesser risk than the younger drivers (Smith, 2011). The personality characteristics were related to the increased risk such as sensation-seeking and the risk taking the attitude that is often associated with the accidents. The major l ife events and the stress were associated with frequency of the increased accident. The task group revealed that the findings had employers implications (Sathiyasusuman, 2011). The task group recommended that there should be benefits awareness of the procedures and policies related to occupational road safety, recruitment, in particular, safety culture, training, stress management and stress management. In addition to above, the task group demonstrated the good practice models that are related to risk management in the road safety and showed that how both small and large organizations, with a variety of the driving vehicles and activities, can implement the significant procedures with maximum benefits. The recommendations are as follows. There should be the motivation of the employers for the introduction of the road safety policies that support the reduction in the accidents and the associated losses. These procedures should employ for addressing of the road safety that is work related which includes risk assessment, incidents reporting, drivers training, use of the mobile phones, breakdown assistance/guidance, vehicle maintenance, alternative transport means, awareness campaign and incentives programs (Quartey, Wang Kim, 2011). Policies are operative more when they are co-ordinated by the safety and health specialists in corporation with the risk/insurance management staff and fleet managers (Sathiyasusuman, 2011). There should be a commitment from the senior managers and employees inclusion when there is the development of risk assessment and procedure to accurate the data for the measurement of the improvement is the vital components of the significant system. The employers scrutiny is essential, along with road accidents regulatory reports that occurred at work under injuries reporting, Diseases and dangerous occurrence regulation 1995 (Quartey, Wang Kim, 2011).Moreover, the task group proposed that employers that have substantial drivers numbers should submit the safety case to HSE for the operating license. This duty or responsibility would parallel the need for the other hazards organizations (Pandve, 2008). Conclusion It is concluded the occupational health problem is the major issue in the developed as well as the developing countries. In the pharmaceutical industries, due to the development of technology and the job demands, the sales staff count increased very much and there are a number of the health issues that are related to the sales force. The sales staffs contribute about 5% to 20% of total staff as they work on the promotion and marketing of the new and existing product . The health issues associated with the sales staffs are driving, workplace violence, stress, ergonomic issues and use of the mobile phones. Among them, the issue related to the accident during driving for the business work is the main as it is the cause of the maximum accidents at work. These road accidents occur due to strong delivery on time, stress, alcohol consumption, risk taking and the sleepy during driving. The different organizations come together for the reduction of health problems and recommendation of the pr evention measures that are training, education, and break after driving, substantial drivers numbers and so on. These recommendations should be followed by the employers for the road accidents prevention. References Hannah, M., McNidder, R. (2013). Using IFF Kitbag to Support Staff Working in Mental Health Teams.Health And Social Care Chaplaincy,1(1), 55-60. Lockwood, C., Marinoni, G., Ando, G. (2012). PHP8 A Survey of Joint Working Between the Pharmaceutical Industry and the National Health Service in the UK.Value In Health,15(7), A290. Pandve, H. (2008). Emerging public health issues due to climate change.Indian Journal Of Occupational And Environmental Medicine,12(3), 142. Quartey, G., Wang, J., Kim, J. (2011). A review of risk measures in pharmacoepidemiology with tips for statisticians in the pharmaceutical industry.Pharmaceutical Statistics,10(6), 548-553. Sathiyasusuman, A. (2011). Mental health services in Ethiopia: Emerging public health issue.Public Health,125(10), 714-716. Smith, D. (2011). From Occupational to Industrial: Issue 1 of theAMA Archives of Industrial Health, January 1955.Archives Of Environmental Occupational Health,66(3), 183-187.