Monday, August 5, 2019

UNO and Human Rights

UNO and Human Rights UNO and Human Rights Contents Introduction Purpose Scope Methodology Strong Points Researches Member Organizations: The Issue of Human Rights Abuses Country Model:-North Korea Results and Analysis Recommendations Conclusion: Reference: Introduction In this concise report, we will write a report in the united nations human rights issue are at the core of most of the debates whereas recognition of the innate dignity and of the equal and undisputable rights of all members of the human race which will result in the foundation of freedom, integrity and peace in this globe (Tomuschat, 2014) Human rights are the rights that all humans enjoy simply by virtue of them being human’s beings. It is Basically Derived from the inherent dignity and value of the human person and is defined locally, nationally and internationally by various agencies and organizations that make laws and rules regarding the issue of human rights. It encompasses the treaties, conventions, covenants and declarations of human right issues and how to protect these issues. Whereas lack of respect and contempt for human value, have resulted in barbaric acts which have shaken the conscience of the human-mankind, and the birth of a world in which human beings does enjoy free expression of speech and Ideology and freedom Threats and fear. The human rights issue has been declared as the highest aspiration of the people around the world. Whereas it is essential, if human being is not to be Forced to have way out, as a last resort, to rebel against despotism and tyranny, that human rights should be Guarded by the rule and regulations laid by member states of the human rights council. Whereas it is fundamental to encourage the development of cordial relations between nation states around the world, in their quest for perfect human rights, the people of the United Nations have in the agreement reaffirmed their strong faith in fundamental human rights, in the undeniable dignity and value of the human person and in the equal rights of human race and have decided to promote social growth and better standards of life in context of larger human right framework(Cook, 2011). Whereas member states have promised themselves to achieve, in co-operation with office of the United Nations, the promotion of universal deference for and celebration of human rights and other fundamental freedoms, such as freedom of speech, expression and religion. Whereas, a common perceptive of these rights and freedoms is of utter importance for the full realization of this full guarantee. From this context, we can say that human rights at the united nations is at the core of the debate and the united nations strives to provide human rights to all mankind regardless of gender, race, sexuality, and religion(Tomuschat, 2014). That is why the General Assembly proclaim in their universal declaration of Human Rights a common framework of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the conclusion that every person and every organ of society, keeps this declaration constantly in their psyche, allowing them to strive by teaching and educating for the promotion of respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, on both national and international levels, to secure their universal and valuable recognition and observance, both among the Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their rightful jurisdiction(Martin Owen , 2010). The office of the United Nations takes the issue of human rights as both worth investing in as well as striving for, that is why so many sub-offices of that promote human rights come under the auspice of the human rights branch of the United Nations (Sikor et al, 2010). Purpose The primary purpose of this recommendation report is to investigate the issue of human rights at the UNITED NATIONS and how the office of the UNITED NATIONS are striving to implement the issue of human rights in all over the world especially in non-Democratic dictatorial states like North Korea, Sudan, and Zimbabwe and the Model that the UN wants to implement as well as well as the human rights condition of some of the countries that we will use as MODEL(Assembly, 2010). Scope To investigate and research about the issue of human rights at the united nations, understand it in larger political context as well as social context, expand our knowledge of the human rights when applying to some model countries and finds tools to investigate the correlation between development and human rights and how they vary from one another (Sikor et al, 2010). And if possible we will look at the human rights situation of some selected countries like and how They comply with united nations rules and regulations regarding the issue of human rights, address sensitive issues like the Human rights Abuse, and the overall human rights situation in the whole world especially in conflict hotspot countries(Sikor et al, 2010). Methodology Most of the information in this recommendation report was gathered from websites and news articles which talk about human rights at the United Nations, as well as my experience of reading some newspapers which talk about human right abuses by some countries like Zimbabwe, China and other dictatorial regimes (Assembly, 2010). We will human rights framework as a method of Identifying human rights abuses, evaluating them and if possible theorize a way to solve these issue. This is a hot spot topic in the United Nations so we have to be careful when dealing with such an issue and treat the issue delicately (Sikor et al, 2010). The following diagram depicts censorship a typical case of human rights violation which can be through private corporations, individuals or government agencies that try to control or limit the expression of speech. Then we will use few countries as a Model to apply our analysis on it, these countries namely North Korea, China, Zimbabwe and Myanmar (Burma) will help us better understand human rights violations and also allow us to understand the various responses of the United Nations office in regard to these human rights abuses. then we will investigate the current human rights violations in these countries and if any kind of improvement in this issue are being made and how these countries are dealing with the pressure that is constantly coming from the united nations office. Combining these conditions, model, and country studies will be our focus on our essay report (Martin Owen , 2010). Strong Points .My experience as an avid reader of newspapers helps me in this essay report. Easy to get extra Information especially human rights advocates Abundant facts and Data about the human rights Issue in the worldwide. The Idea about human rights abuses is old and has been discussed many times in the past by academic scholars (Tomuschat, 2014). Researches Member Organizations: The following Data table shows members of the human rights countries and when their term expires. As we can see from the above time, many countries are members of the human rights council and are liable to adhere to the rules and regulations of the council. The Issue of Human Rights Abuses The issue of human right violations occur mostly when actions taken by state actors or non-state actors try to ignore or deny basic rights including social, political and economic rights to its citizens or enemies of the state in question, moreover, human rights abuses happen when any state or non-state actor breach any part of the human rights council treaty or any other humanitarian law (Tomuschat, 2014). Many frameworks can be used to determine if any state or non-state actor has violated the human rights charter. These human rights violations are monitored by United Nations committee, national institutions and governments responsible for these issues and other NGOs such as Human rights watchman-slavery international, Freedom house and other agencies. They merely gather evidence and documentation of alleged human rights violations and apply pressure on the violating countries (Sikor et al, 2010). Finally, war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocides and wars of aggression constitute the most serious of human right abuses. Country Model:-North Korea A survey report by human rights watch concluded that North Korea has made no apparent improvement in human rights in the republic even after the death of the late dictator in early 2011. When Kim Jong assumed power, the government continues to impose totalitarian rule, restrictions on human free movement, freedom of speech and if these are combined together might form crimes against humanity (Martin Owen , 2010). The regime represses all forms of freedom of expression an opinion and does not permit any organized political disagreement, independent media is frowned upon and freedoms such as freedom of trade, religion and sexuality is a thing of the past. The government employs systematic torture, executions, political prisoner camps and other inhumane treatment (Hill, 2010). The government in North Korea uses fear, generated mainly through threats of detention, forced slavery and public death sentence of dissents to impose harsh restrictions on freedom of information and travel. From the report of the Human Rights Watch, we can conclude that human rights violations are abundant in North Korea and no signs of abating in the near future. The condition of the human rights is getting worse and worse each second in this isolated part of the world. In recent news US-organized event in North Korea human rights briefly turned into chaos at the UN on Thursday as the diplomat of North Korea insisted on reading the agenda statement, amid outcries from dissents, and then stormed out (JÃ ¼rgens et al,, 2010).This shows the level of sensitivity about human rights violations in the psyche of the regime and its members. Results and Analysis Human rights violations are common nowadays in some parts of the world where dictatorial regimes control and reign singlehandedly. North Korea record of cooperation with the united nations human rights council is possible among the worst in the world because the regime ignores all the resolutions on the human rights situation in north Korea unanimously approved by members of the council and the UN general assembly, the regime has never responded to request for visitation from special UN representatives on human rights in North Korea. Human rights issue remains central to the politics of North Korea and the vital point of contention between the United Nations and the North Korea Republic. Recommendations In view of the above mentioned facts, surveys we can see the importance of human rights as a means of advancing the rule of law and development of the countries that adhere to its charter. Context and capacities are intrinsic, fundamental concerns in the human rights framework, so the states and other non-state actors should put their efforts and focus on improving the human rights and allow the local citizens to enjoy the fruits of human rights which also strengthen the economic, social and political systems of these countries. The UNITED NATIONS has a responsibility to support these efforts and ensure that the charter of the United Nations on human rights is adhered on an international level. Countries that need these human rights framework include Asia-Pacific countries like China, Pakistan, Philippines, Myanmar ,Indonesia and also African countries like Ethiopia, Sudan, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Chad ,Tunisia ,Algeria ,Somalia and morocco where human rights violations are abundant since dictatorial regimes came to power in these countries(Assembly, 2010). Conclusion: In conclusion, we can safely say that human rights at the united nations represents one of the most debated topics in the council and many countries in this globe are violating these basic human rights like freedom of speech, freedom of 7movement, freedom of religion and freedom of sexual orientation and many more other basic rights which is written in the charter of the United View of these recent events about the human rights issue, it is the duty of the Human rights council to apply a working framework for the implementation of the Human rights around the world especially in countries where dictatorship and totalitarianism rule, the need of the people of the world to have access is growing each other and these people demand respect ,rights from there government on critical issues like human rights, freedom of speech ,freedom of movement and free access to education. The regime in North Korea which we took as an example/Model country show that North Korea disregards the charter of the United nations on Human rights and forces its citizens to live under the rule of brutal dictator ship, such examples abound in this world, in Zimbabwe, the government adopted a systemic policy of uprooting the native white people of Zimbabwe, confiscating their farms/properties and arming a killing Squad to force the white natives to abandon their homeland. This is a racist agenda of president of Zimbabwe and world countries like USA, FRANCE, RUSSIA and United Kingdom are helpless to help these innocent people of the white origin in the black Russia, the government curbs on the freedom of speech and only information is accessed through government propaganda and many famous anti-Putin (President of Russia) are assassinated on regular basis. In a summary, we can see that the issue of human rights needs to be addressed delicately in manner that helps the local people gain access to basic human rights, eradicates the menace of totalitarianism and dictatorship and bring freedom to all people striving for it. Reference: Assembly, U. G. (2010). Human Rights Council.Fourteenth Session. Report of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Mr. Frank La Rue. Retrieved from Tomuschat, C. (2014).Human rights: between idealism and realism. Oxford University Press. Retrieved from Cook, R. J. (Ed.). (2011).Human rights of women: National and international perspectives. University of Pennsylvania Press. Retrieved from JÃ ¼rgens, R., Csete, J., Amon, J. J., Baral, S., Beyrer, C. (2010). People who use drugs, HIV, and human rights.The Lancet,376(9739), 475-485. Retrieved from Sikor, T., Stahl, J., Enters, T., Ribot, J. C., Singh, N., Sunderlin, W. D., Wollenberg, L. (2010). REDD-plus, forest peoples rights and nested climate governance.Global Environmental Change,20(3), 423-425. Retrieved from Hill, D. W. (2010). Estimating the effects of human rights treaties on state behavior.The journal of politics,72(04), 1161-1174. Retrieved from Martin, M., Owen, T. (2010). The second generation of human security: lessons from the UN and EU experience.International Affairs,86(1), 211-224. Retrieved from

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